Leishmaniasis is a disease that affects humans, as well as wild and domestic animals. They are caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania (protozoa, trypanosomatidae) and are transmitted by Phlebotominae flies (Diptera, Psychodidae). Not all species of Leishmania parasites are of medical importance. First human and canine cases as well as presence of competent Phlebotomine fly vectors are reported for the first time in Slovenia. Number of infected dogs in Slovenia has been increasing in the last few years. Having increased number of infected dogs and a presence of proven Phlebotomine fly vectors at the same time in a climatically suitable region may lead to endemic spread of the disease. Leishmaniasis cases should be detected early and reaction should be quick….
Read more in the recently published chapter “Living on the Edge: Border Countries Should Have Strict Veterinary and Health Policy on Leishmaniasis“, co-authored by our colleague prof. dr. Tina Kotnik.